LINUX COMMANDS

a2p    Creates a Perl script from an awk script.
ac    Prints statistics about users’ connect time.
alias    Create a name for another command or long command string.
ar    Maintain portable archive or library.
arch    Display the architecture of the current host.
arp    Manipulate the system ARP cache.
as    An assembler.
at    Command scheduler.
awk    Awk script processing program.
basename    Deletes any specified prefix from a string.
bash    Command Bourne interpreter
bc    Calculator.
bdiff    Compare large files.
bfs    Editor for large files.
bg    Continues a program running in the background.
biff    Enable / disable incoming mail notifications.
break    Break out of while, for, foreach, or until loop.
bs    Battleship game.
bye    Alias often used for the exit command.
cal    Calendar
calendar    Display appointments and reminders.
cancel    Cancels a print job.
cat    View or modify a file.
cc    C compiler.
cd    Change directory.
chdir    Change directory.
checkeq    Language processors to assist in describing equations.
checknr    Check nroff and troff files for any errors.
chfn    Modify your own information or if super user or root modify another users information.
chgrp    Change a groups access to a file or directory.
chkey    Change the secure RPC key pair.
chmod    Change the permission of a file.
chown    Change the ownership of a file.
chsh    Change login shell.
cksum    Display and calculate a CRC for files.
clear    Clears screen.
cls    Alias often used to clear a screen.
cmp    Compare files.
col    Reverse line-feeds filter.
comm    Compare files and select or reject lines that are common.
compress    Compress files on a computer.
continue    Break out of while, for, foreach, or until loop.
copy    Copy files.
cp    Copy files.
cpio    Creates archived CPIO files.
crontab    Create and list files that you wish to run on a regular schedule.
csh    Execute the C shell command interpreter
csplit    Split files based on context.
ctags    Create a tag file for use with ex and vi.
cu    Calls or connects to another Unix system, terminal or non-Unix system.
curl    Transfer a URL.
cut    Cut out selected fields of each line of a file.
date    Tells you the date and time in Unix.
dc    An arbitrary precision arithmetic package.
df    Display the available disk space for each mount.
deroff    Removes nroff/troff, tbl, and eqn constructs.
dhclient    Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Client.
diff    Displays two files and prints the lines that are different.
dig    DNS lookup utility.
dircmp    Lists the different files when comparing directories.
dirname    Deliver portions of path names.
dmesg    Print or control the kernel ring buffer.
dos2unix    Converts text files between DOS and Unix formats.
dpost    Translates files created by troff into PostScript.
du    Tells you how much space a file occupies.
echo    Displays text after echo to the terminal.
ed    Line oriented file editor.
edit    Text editor.
egrep    Search a file for a pattern using full regular expressions.
elm    Program command used to send and receive e-mail.
emacs    Text editor.
enable    Enables / Disables LP printers.
env    Displays environment variables.
eqn    Language processors to assist in describing equations.
ex    Line-editor mode of the vi text editor.
exit    Exit from a program, shell or log you out of a Unix network.
expand    Expand copies of file s.
expr    Evaluate arguments as an expression.
fc    The FC utility lists or edits and re-executes, commands previously entered to an interactive sh.
fg    Continues a stopped job by running it in the foreground
fgrep    Search a file for a fixed-character string.
file    Tells you if the object you are looking at is a file or if it is a directory.
find    Finds one or more files assuming that you know their approximate filenames.
findsmb    List info about machines that respond to SMB name queries on a subnet.
finger    Lists information about the user.
fmt    Simple text formatters.
fold    Filter for folding lines.
for

Shell built-in functions to repeatedly execute action(s) for a selected number of times.
foreach    Shell built-in functions to repeatedly execute action(s) for a selected number of times.
fromdos    Converts text files between DOS and Unix formats.
fsck    Check and repair a Linux file system.
ftp    Enables ftp access to another terminal.
getfacl    Display discretionary file information.
gprof    The gprof utility produces an execution profile of a program.
grep    Finds text within a file.
groupadd    Creates a new group account.
groupdel    Enables a super user or root to remove a group.
groupmod    Enables a super user or root to modify a group.
gunzip    Expand compressed files.
gview    A programmers text editor.
gvim    A programmers text editor.
gzip    Compress files.
halt    Stop the computer.
hash    Remove internal hash table.
hashstat    Display the hash stats.
head    Displays the first ten lines of a file, unless otherwise stated.
help    If computer has online help documentation installed this command will display it.
history    Display the history of commands typed.
host    DNS lookup utility.
hostid    Prints the numeric identifier for the current host.
hostname    Set or print name of current host system.
id    Shows you the numeric user and group ID on BSD.
ifconfig    Sets up network interfaces.
ifdown    take a network interface down
ifup    bring a network interface up
isalist    Display the native instruction sets executable on this platform.
jobs    List the jobs currently running in the background.
join    Joins command forms together.
keylogin    Decrypt the user’s secret key.
kill    Cancels a job.
ksh    Korn shell command interpreter.
ld    Link-editor for object files.
ldd    List dynamic dependencies of executable files or shared objects.
less    Opposite of the more command.
lex    Generate programs for lexical tasks.
link    Calls the link function to create a link to a file.
ln    Creates a link to a file.
lo    Allows you to exit from a program, shell or log you out of a Unix network.
locate    List files in databases that match a pattern.
login    Signs into a new system.
logname    Returns users login name.
logout    Logs out of a system.
lp    Prints a file on System V systems.
lpadmin    Configure the LP print service.
lpc    Line printer control program.
lpq    Lists the status of all the available printers.
lpr    Submits print requests.
lprm    Removes print requests from the print queue.
lpstat    Lists status of the LP print services.
ls    Lists the contents of a directory.
mach    Display the processor of the current host.
mail    One of the ways that allows you to read/send E-Mail.
mailcompat    Provide SunOS 4.x compatibility for the Solaris mailbox format.
mailx    Mail interactive message processing system.
make    Executes a list of shell commands associated with each target.
man    Display a manual of a command.
mesg    Control if non-root users can send text messages to you.
mii-tool    View, manipulate media-independent interface status.
mkdir    Create a directory.
mkfs    Build a Linux file system, usually a hard disk partition.
more    Displays text one screen at a time.
mount    Disconnects a file systems and remote resources.
mt    Magnetic tape control.
mv    Renames a file or moves it from one directory to another directory.
nc    TCP/IP swiss army knife.
neqn    Language processors to assist in describing equations.
netstat    Shows network status.
newalias    Install new elm aliases for user or system.
newform    Change the format of a text file.
newgrp    Log into a new group.
nice    Invokes a command with an altered scheduling priority.
niscat    Display NIS+ tables and objects.
nischmod    Change access rights on a NIS+ object.
nischown    Change the owner of a NIS+ object.
nischttl    Change the time to live value of a NIS+ object.
nisdefaults    Display NIS+ default values.
nisgrep    Utilities for searching NIS+ tables.
nismatch    Utilities for searching NIS+ tables.
nispasswd    Change NIS+ password information.
nistbladm    NIS+ table administration command.
nmap    Network exploration tool and security / port scanner.
nohup    Runs a command even if the session is disconnected or the user logs out.
nroff    Formats documents for display or line-printer.
nslookup    Queries a name server for a host or domain lookup.
on    Execute a command on a remote system, but with the local environment.
onintr    Shell built-in functions to respond to (hardware) signals.
optisa    Determine which variant instruction set is optimal to use.
pack    Shrinks file into a compressed file.
pagesize    Display the size of a page of memory in bytes, as returned by getpagesize.
passwd    Allows you to change your password.
paste    Merge corresponding or subsequent lines of files.
pax    Read / write and writes lists of the members of archive files and copy directory hierarchies.
pcat    Compresses file.
perl    Perl is a programming language optimized for scanning arbitrary text files, extracting information from those text files.
pg    Files perusal filters for CRTs.
pgrep    Examine the active processes on the system and reports the process IDs of the processes
pico    Simple and very easy to use text editor in the style of the Pine Composer.
pine    Command line program for Internet News and Email.
ping    Sends ICMP ECHO_REQUEST packets to network hosts.
pkill    Examine the active processes on the system and reports the process IDs of the processes
poweroff    Stop the computer.
pr    Formats a file to make it look better when printed.
priocntl    Display’s or set scheduling parameters of specified process(es)
printf    Write formatted output.
ps    Reports the process status.
pvs    Display the internal version information of dynamic objects within an ELF file.
pwd    Print the current working directory.
quit    Allows you to exit from a program, shell or log you out of a Unix network.
rcp    Copies files from one computer to another computer.
reboot    Stop the computer.
red    Line oriented file editor.
rehash    Recomputes the internal hash table of the contents of directories listed in the path.
remsh    Runs a command on another computer.
repeat    Shell built-in functions to repeatedly execute action(s) for a selected number of times.
rgview    A programmers text editor.
rgvim    A programmers text editor.
rlogin    Establish a remote connection from your terminal to a remote machine.
rm    Deletes a file without confirmation (by default).
rmail    One of the ways that allows you to read/send E-Mail.
rmdir    Deletes a directory.
rn    Reads newsgroups.
route    Show / manipulate the IP routing table.
rpcinfo    Report RPC information.
rsh    Runs a command on another computer.
rsync    Faster, flexible replacement for rcp.
rview    A programmers text editor.
rvim    A programmers text editor.
s2p    Convert a sed script into a Perl script.
sag    Graphically displays the system activity data stored in a binary data file by a previous sar run.
sar    Displays the activity for the CPU.
script    Records everything printed on your screen.
sdiff    Compares two files, side-by-side.
sed    Allows you to use pre-recorded commands to make changes to text.
sendmail    Sends mail over the Internet.
set    Set the value of an environment variable.
setenv    Set the value of an environment variable.
setfacl    Modify the Access Control List (ACL) for a file or files.
settime    Change file access and modification time.
sftp    Secure file transfer program.
sh    Runs or processes jobs through the Bourne shell.
shred    Delete a file securely, first overwriting it to hide its contents.
shutdown    Turn off the computer immediately or at a specified time.
sleep    Waits a x amount of seconds.
slogin    OpenSSH SSH client (remote login program).
smbclient    An ftp-like client to access SMB/CIFS resources on servers.
sort    Sorts the lines in a text file.
spell    Looks through a text file and reports any words that it finds in the text file that are not in the dictionary.
split    Split a file into pieces.
stat    Display file or filesystem status.
stop    Control process execution.
strip    Discard symbols from object files.
stty    Sets options for your terminal.
su    Become super user or another user.
sysinfo    Get and set system information strings.
sysklogd    Linux system logging utilities.
tabs    Set tabs on a terminal.
tail    Delivers the last part of the file.
talk    Talk with other logged in users.
tac    Concatenate and print files in reverse.
tar    Create tape archives and add or extract files.
tbl    Preprocessor for formatting tables for nroff or troff.
tcopy    Copy a magnetic tape.
tcpdump    Dump traffic on a network.
tee    Read from an input and write to a standard output or file.
telnet    Uses the telnet protocol to connect to another remote computer.
time    Used to time a simple command.
timex    The timex command times a command; reports process data and system activity.
todos    Converts text files between DOS and Unix formats.
top    Display Linux tasks.
touch    Change file access and modification time.
tput    Initialize a terminal or query terminfo database.
tr    Translate characters.
traceroute    Print the route packets take to network host.
troff    Typeset or format documents.
ul    Reads the named filenames or terminal and does underlining.
umask    Get or set the file mode creation mask.
unalias    Remove an alias.
unhash    Remove internal hash table.
uname    Print name of current system.
uncompress    Uncompressed compressed files.
uniq    Report or filter out repeated lines in a file.
unmount    Crates a file systems and remote resources.
unpack    Expands a compressed file.
untar    Create tape archives and add or extract files.
until    Execute a set of actions while/until conditions are evaluated TRUE.
useradd    Create a new user or updates default new user information.
userdel    Remove a users account.
usermod    Modify a users account.
vacation    Reply to mail automatically.
vedit    Screen-oriented (visual) display editor based on ex.
vgrind    Grind nice program listings
vi    Screen-oriented (visual) display editor based on ex.
vim    A programmers text editor.
view    A programmers text editor.
w    Show who is logged on and what they are doing.
wait    Await process completion.
wc    Displays a count of lines, words, and characters in a file
whereis    Locate a binary, source, and manual page files for a command.
while    Repetitively execute a set of actions while/until conditions are evaluated TRUE.
which    Locate a command.
who    Displays who is on the system.
whois    Internet user name directory service.
write    Send a message to another user.
X    Execute the X windows system.
xfd    Display all the characters in an X font.
xlsfonts    Server font list displayer for X.
xset    User preference utility for X.
xterm    Terminal emulator for X.
xrdb    X server resource database utility.
yacc    Short for yet another compiler-compiler, yacc is a compiler.
yes    Repeatedly output a line with all specified STRING(s), or ‘y’.
yppasswd    Changes network password in the NIS database.
zcat    Compress files

i have posted linux command for you so dnt forget to say

thanks

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